بررسی ارتباط استرس والدینی، مقابله مذهبی و سازگاری زناشویی در والدین کودکان با اختلال اتیسم

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه روانشناسی و مشاوره، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه هرمزگان، بندرعباس ، ایران

2 گروه روانشناسی و مشاوره، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه هرمزگان، بندرعباس، ایران

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف بررسی رابطه استرس والدینی، مقابله مذهبی و سازگاری زناشویی در والدین کودکان با اختلال اتیسم انجام گرفت. نمونه پژوهش شامل 124 نفر از مادران و پدران دارای کودک مبتلا به اختلال اتیسم در شهر مشهد بود که با شیوه نمونه‌گیری در‌دسترس انتخاب شدند. روش تحقیق این پژوهش توصیفی از نوع همبستگی است. داده‌های این مطالعه از پرسشنامه‌های اطلاعات جمعیت شناختی، فرم کوتاه شاخص استرس والدینی، پرسشنامه مقابله مذهبی پارگامنت، و پرسشنامه سازگاری زناشویی که روایی و پایایی این ابزارها در ایران مورد تایید قرارگرفته است، جمع‌آوری گردید. داده‌ها با آزمون‌های آماری همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون گام به گام تجزیه و تحلیل شدند . نتایج نشان داد که بین متغیر استرس والدینی، و مقابله مذهبی مثبت با سازگاری زناشویی رابطه مثبت؛ و بین مقابله مذهبی منفی با سازگاری زناشویی، رابطه منفی و معنی داری( 01/0 P<) وجود دارد. بنابراین به نظر می رسد که متغیرهای استرس والدینی و مقابله مذهبی به عنوان سازه‌هایی مهم و تاثیرگذار در سازگاری زناشویی والدین کودکان با اختلال اتیسم می باشند.

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