نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه اصفهان

2 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی و آموزش کودکان با نیازهای خاص، دانشگاه اصفهان

چکیده

چکیده: هدف از این پژوهش، بررسی تأثیر درمان مداخلات گروهی (SS-GRIN)، بر بهبود مهارت‌های اجتماعی، تحصیلی و کاهش مشکلات رفتاری کودکان مبتلا به اختلالات طیف اتیسم است. روش این پژوهش مورد منفرد(طرح A-B-A) بوده است و با استفاده از نمونه گیری هدفمند3دانش آموز مبتلا به اتیسم انتخاب شدند. جلسات آموزشی بر اساس برنامه آموزش مهارت‌های اجتماعی دی روزیر که حاوی ده درس بود به مدت 5 ماه در قالب 20 جلسه 40 دقیقه‌ای برگزار گردید. با استفاده از سیستم بهبود مهارت‌های اجتماعی(SSIS) حین و پس از هر 3 جلسه آموزشی نیز ارزیابی صورت گرفت. به منظور پیگیری نتایج آموزش یک ماه بعد این پرسشنامه توسط مربی دانش آموزان تکمیل شد. بر اساس نتایج تحلیل دیداری داده‌ها این برنامه در زمینه بهبود مهارت‌های اجتماعی و مشکلات رفتاری برای هر سه شرکت کننده مؤثر بوده است. در زمینه بهبود شایستگی تحصیلی این برنامه برای شرکت کننده اول مؤثر بوده است. بر اساس یافته‌های این پژوهش به نظر می‌رسد که ماهیت گروهی مداخلات با ایجاد فرصت بیشتر برای تعامل و افزایش انگیزه کودکان برای ارتباط نه‌ تنها منجر به بهبود روابط و مهارت‌های اجتماعی می‌شوند، بلکه همچنین می‌توانند اثر مستقیم و مثبت بر مشکلات رفتاری (شامل کاهش قلدری، رفتار‌های برون ریزی و درون ریزی) بر جای بگذارند. در زمینه اثر بخشی این برنامه بر شایستگی تحصیلی نیاز به تحقیقات بیشتری است.

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