نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه تربیت بدنی عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه شیراز (نویسنده مسئول)

2 دانشجوی دکتری رشد و یادگیری حرکتی دانشگاه علوم تحقیقات تهران

3 استادیار گروه آموزش کودکان استثنایی عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه شیراز

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش تعیین اثر بازخورد تطبیقی- اجتماعی بر
اجرای تکلیف تولید نیرو در دختران با کم­توانی­ذهنی بود. روش پژوهش، آزمایشی با طرح
پیش­آزمون- پس­آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. از بین دانش­آموزان دختر با کم­توانی­ذهنی
شهرستان شیراز46 دانش­آموز دختر  به روش
نمونه‌گیری هدفمند انتخاب شدند. شرکت­کنندگان بر اساس آزمون بیشترین انقباض ارادی
که در نخستین جلسه به وسیله دینامومتر دستی از آن­ها به عمل آمد به دو گروه
آزمایشی 22 نفری در گروه بازخورد (هنجاری مثبت) و 24 نفری در گروه کنترل (بدون
دریافت بازخورد) تقسیم شدند. تحلیل کواریانس، عملکرد بهتر گروه آزمایشی را در
تکلیف تولید نیرو نسبت به گروه کنترل نشان داد. یافته­های این پژوهش شواهدی را
برای اهمیت نقش انگیزشی بازخورد فراهم می­آورد. بنابراین به علت تأثیر ویژه­ای که
بازخورد تطبیقی- اجتماعی بر عملکرد تکلیف تولید نیرو در دانش­آموزان با کم­توانی­ذهنی
دارد، به عنوان یک راهکار آموزشی مؤثر در زمینه آموزش مهارت­ها به مربیان دانش­آموزان
آموزش ویژه توصیه می­گردد.

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